Exerting external influence

Manipulating information to influence people is as old as humanity itself, but the use of information warfare techniques (or “information operations” for those who prefer more politically correct terminology) is now easier and cheaper than ever.

The dramatic growth of social media during the last decade, combined with a serious decline in both the quality and quantity of traditional news media, results in people obtaining more information from less reliable sources. As anyone who uses Facebook has witnessed, fake news circulates and goes viral as people accept it as true and repost without thinking.

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